Go slowly and don't force interaction. Let the dog warm up on their own time.
Use treats, praise and play to reward brave behavior, not punishment.
Consistent schedules and predictability can make timid dogs feel secure.
Establish a Routine
Use reward-based training to teach skills and gently build confidence.
Provide a quiet den or crate where the dog can retreat when overwhelmed.
Try anxiety vests, pheromones or medications if vet-approved to reduce stress.
Slowly expose the dog to new sights, sounds, people to build tolerance.