Dogs can lose core body heat quickly in cold weather especially with wetness or wind.
Body Heat Loss
Young, small and short-haired dogs face higher risk of dangerous hypothermia in the cold.
Extremities like tails, ears, paws and noses are prone to painful frostbite outdoors.
Ice melt products on paws can cause dryness, cracking, irritation or poisoning risk if ingested.
Salt and Chemicals
Don't over-exercise your dog in cold temps as they can overheat. Watch for signs of distress.
Bring outdoor dogs inside more and make sure they have insulated, dry bedding.
Limit time outside and watch closely for shivering, whining, slowing down.