Different barks communicate needs, warnings, attention-seeking, greetings and more.
Growls indicate dominance, possession, discomfort, warning and defense.
Facial expressions, poses, tail height/wags and ear position convey emotional state.
Physical affection communicates bonding while nibbling or pawing shows interest.
Urine marking on walks leaves olfactory signals and messages for other dogs.
Whines and howls express needs like hunger, discomfort, anxiety or social isolation.
Whining or Howling
Out of character behaviors may reflect illness, confusion or changes in the environment.
Changes in Behavior