Dogs communicate through body postures like tail height, ear position, hair standing up, weight shifting, and more.
Different barks and growls convey aggression, alarm, boredom, excitement. Dogs understand these nuances.
Barking & Growling
Dogs leave scent clues for each other via urine, feces, and scratching. They sniff to gather intel.
Dogs read each other's faces to judge moods based on muzzle tension, eyebrow position, staring, and more.
Play bows, bouncy movements, tail wagging, and play growls invite other dogs to play or help avoid conflicts.
Yawning, sniffing, shaking off help defuse tensions and avoid fights. It communicates "I'm not a threat!"
Group howling helps maintain social bonds. Whines and whimpers convey needs.
Howling & Whining