Sit teaches dogs to calmly halt activity and focus their attention on you.
Stay is key for controlling impulses and remaining in place where you command.
A reliable recall allows you to get your dog back to you when needed off-leash.
Down positions a dog in a settled, submissive posture with all 4 feet on the floor.
Leave it teaches impulse control around tempting food, objects, or other dogs.
Drop cues your dog to release an item already in their possession.
Heel reinforces staying focused and walking politely beside you on leash.